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Home » Industrial Pumps » What Are Sump Pumps? How Do They Work?

What Are Sump Pumps? How Do They Work?

Posted: 23/11/2022
Category: Industrial Pumps

A Sump Pump is a device used to remove water from around a house’s foundation. It is powered by electricity and can be installed on the ground or in a basement. When the water level in the sump rises too high, the pump sends water away from home. It is a simple and effective way to protect your home from water damage during heavy rains.

A Sump Pump is ideal for homes and buildings with a basement with a high chance of flooding. The pump helps keep the basement dry by removing accumulated water around the foundation. This is important because it can prevent foundation damage and mold growth.

In an industrial setting, sump pumps are used to remove water from pipelines and other high-pressure systems. They are also installed to drain storm water and industrial sewage from buildings. Since they efficiently drain water with solid particles, they are vital in basements, tunnels, and boiler rooms.

How Do Sump Pumps Work?

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Installing a sump pump requires some prep work. A sump pit or hole is dug beneath the main surface of your basement floor. The sump pump is housed in this pit, known as a basin. The pump has valves that detect rising water levels or pressure.

When the water level in your basement rises too high, sump pumps automatically pump excess water out of the basement and away from your property. The sump pump’s effluent line connects to a designated drainage area. The sump pump has a mechanism that detects elevating water levels and pressure to ensure that these levels do not rise too high. The sump pump is turned on when the water level in the pit reaches a certain point. A float switch activates the pump when the water level rises and deactivates the pump when the water level falls. Sump pumps are essentially powered by electricity and can be plugged into an outlet. These days, one can also find sump pumps run on batteries, allowing for versatile applications.

What Are the Different Types of Sump Pumps?

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Basement sump pump systems usually have a primary and backup sump pump. While the primary sump pump does most of the work, the secondary sump pump steps in when the first pump malfunctions or becomes unable to handle the water influx.

You can find basement sump pumps in two varieties – Submersible sump pumps and pedestal sump pumps Either type can be used for primary and backup configurations.

Submersible Sump Pumps

As the name suggests, these pumps are submerged in the sump pit and work underwater. They are less likely to freeze up in cold weather and are less likely to overheat. They are also quieter than other types of sump pumps. However, they are more expensive than pedestal sump pumps and can be more difficult to access for maintenance.

Pedestal Sump Pumps

Pedestal pumps are machines with the impeller or intake device at the bottom and the pump motor on top. They are less expensive and simpler to access for repairs than submersible pumps, but some plumbing experts believe they are less reliable. They are also louder as the motor is located above the sump pit.

Where Should the Sump Pump Drain the Excess Water to?

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Discharging the sump pump’s water to a designated area is important to protect your property. A dry well, creek, or pond can all handle the extra water. Discharging it to a neighborhood drain is also a good option, as these drains usually have extra capacity.

If you are unsure where to discharge the water from your sump pump, check your city’s municipal waste management regulations to see if there are any guidelines for discharging the excess water. In general, discharging the water to a designated area is the best option. This will protect your property and the environment.

Sintech’s Vertical Sump Pumps

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Sintech offers industry-leading vertical sump pumps that are highly efficient, durable, and easy to install. These pumps come in various designs, including screenless, chockless, and glandless systems. They are available in dry pit designs, which are convenient because the impeller is submerged, so the pump does not require to be primed and is always ready for use. Additionally, these pumps are quiet and have a long lifespan, so you can count on them to help keep your basement dry.

Where Are Sump Pumps Most Commonly Used?

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Sump pumps are most commonly used in dewatering applications where water is contaminated with solid particles, such as raw sewage, slurry, effluent, or industrial waste. They are also used in drainage applications, such as basement or tunnel drainage, boiler room drainage, and storm water drainage. Additionally, sump pumps can be used to transfer filtrate juice in industries.

In Summary

Sump pumps are one of the most important appliances for dewatering applications across various industries. Sintech understands this and offers a variety of quality products that meet the needs of both home and business owners. If you need guidance on choosing the right one for your needs, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us.  

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